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掙脫人生限制做贏家
英國華頓商學院稱譽葛洛夫為25年來「最具影響力的企業領導人」。你一定很好奇,葛洛夫怎麼讓自己從一個匈牙利難民,變成「年度風雲人物」,並且把英特爾推上美國有史以來最賺錢企業的行列?
2007-05-03 /  2927  1
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目 錄 導 讀 付費內容 在地方法

戰火童年

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安迪.葛洛夫於1936年9月2日出生在匈牙利的布達佩斯,原本的名字是安德拉斯.伊斯特凡.葛拉夫。葛拉夫出生於中產階級猶太家庭,父親喬治.葛拉夫是一家中型乳品公司的合夥人,母親瑪麗亞.葛拉夫則放棄了成為鋼琴演奏家的夢想,走入家庭。


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A Stormy Youth

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Andy Grove was born on September 2, 1936 in Budapest, Hungary. His given name at birth was Andras Istvan Grof. He was born into a middle class Jewish family. Andy's father George was a partner in a medium-sized dairy business, while his mother Maria had given up her dreams of becoming a concert pianist in order to have a family.


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1
歐陸最慘烈的圍城

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1
The Bloodiest Siege in Europe

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2
1939年9月1日,納粹德國入侵波蘭,掀起第二次世界大戰。葛拉夫一家就像歐洲各地的家庭一樣,受到開戰後發生的遽變所波及。1942年,也就是葛拉夫年僅5歲時,匈牙利軍方徵召葛拉夫的父親喬治入伍。因為喬治是猶太人,軍方把他分派到工兵營,在蘇聯占領區前線負責清除路面、建築工事等粗重工作。到了1943年春天,瑪麗亞.葛拉夫接到政府的通知,告知喬治已經失蹤,瑪麗亞費盡心力,還是無法查出丈夫的下落。

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2
On September 1, 1939, Germany invaded Poland and the hostilities of World War II commenced. Like all of Europe, the Grof family was swept up in the dramatic events that then unfolded. In 1942, when Andy Grove was five years old, his father was conscripted into the Hungarian Army. Since he was Jewish, George Grof was assigned to a battalion that was clearing roads, building fortifications and performing other hard labor on the Russian front. In the spring of 1943, Maria Grof received an official notice that stated George Grof had disappeared, and despite all her best efforts she was unable to find out what had happened to her husband.

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3
納粹德國在1944年3月19日正式併吞匈牙利,並且把成千上萬的匈牙利猶太人集中起來,送往奧許維茲集中營,這些猶太人日後就是在這裡遭到冷血屠殺。葛拉夫和母親憑藉著運氣、友人協助以及臨機應變的能力,千辛萬苦地躲過了被遣送到奧許維茲或是其他集中營的命運。他們兩人會在納粹準備掃蕩猶太人之前,從布達佩斯逃到鄉下藏身,等風頭過後再回到布達佩斯。他們還捱過了布達佩斯戰役,這場戰役日後被歷史學者稱為二次大戰歐陸最慘烈的圍城戰之一。

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3
When Germany officially annexed Hungary on March 19, 1944, hundreds of thousands of Hungarian Jews were rounded up and shipped to Auschwitz, where they would be murdered in cold blood. Andy and his mother managed to avoid getting shipped off to Auschwitz or any other concentration camp through a savvy combination of luck, friends and street smarts. They would leave Budapest for the countryside whenever any sweeps for Jews were just about to happen and then return later when it was safe. They also endured the Battle of Budapest, which would later be described by historians as one of the bloodiest city sieges of the Second World War in Europe.

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4
動盪局勢中完成高中學業

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4
A High School Education in Turbulent Times

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5
由於戰爭的關係,葛拉夫早年的學校教育是斷斷續續的,但是這對他並沒有太大影響,他的成績表現一向相當不錯。但是葛拉夫年幼時感染了猩紅熱,而且那時的治療方法是,由醫師從他耳後取出一塊骨頭。葛拉夫為此住院6個星期,並且待在家裡修養了9個月才逐漸康復。因為感染猩紅熱,葛拉夫的聽力受到永久性的損傷。

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5
Due to the War, Andy Grove's early schooling was a bit spasmodic and disjointed. This was not a problem, because he had always earned good grades. Andy did, however, contract scarlet fever, which was treated at that time by having some bone behind his ears chiseled away by doctors. He was hospitalized for six weeks, and then had to stay home for nine months while he was convalescing. Andy Grove's hearing would be permanently affected by this bout of scarlet fever.

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關鍵思惟


「逃出匈牙利,跟留在匈牙利一樣危險。1956年的匈牙利正陷入愁雲慘霧之中,到處都會聽到有人被抓,那些人年紀跟我差不多,就這樣在街上被抓走然後下放,我那時就想,該是逃離的時候了。我和一位友人一起離開布達佩斯,那時我們根本不知道邊境附近的狀況如何。要知道,那時可是沒有網際網路的,沒辦法上網查詢邊境當天的狀況。」──安迪.葛洛夫 感謝您對大師輕鬆讀的愛護,並且全力支持您合理地使用我們為您精心編製的內容。希望未來可以提供您更方便更友善的服務。

Key Thoughts


"The dangers involved in escaping Hungary were about equal with the dangers of staying. Hungary was a pretty sad place in 1956, and there were strong rumors about people being picked up, people my age, being picked up on the street and herded away and I thought it was a good time to make a run for it. When a friend of mine and I left Budapest, we had no idea what was going to happen near the border. You know, there was no Internet to give you border conditions that day." — Andy Grove 感謝您對大師輕鬆讀的愛護,並且全力支持您合理地使用我們為您精心編製的內容。希望未來可以提供您更方便更友善的服務。




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